The 10 most Australian values that make Australia so valuable

최근 말콤 턴불 (Malcolm Turnbull) 총리는 시민권 시험 기준이 획기적으로 변경될 예정이라고 발표했습니다.

특히 앞으로의 시민권 시험은 ‘호주인들의 가치관’을 얼마나 이해하고 있는 지 여부를 시험하는 방향으로 바뀔 것이라고 강하게 주장했었죠.

그렇다면 도대체 호주인들의 특별한 가치관에는 어떻것들이 있을까요?

1. The gift of the nature strip

You can take anything you like from the nature strip.

Generations of Australians have been raised to cherish the principle that when you don’t need something anymore — be it kitchen appliance, games console or lounge suite — you chuck it on the grass out the front: and anyone who happens to be passing and sees something they fancy is free to grab it.

Council regulations might say otherwise, but the freedom to gather up strangers’ garbage whenever opportunity knocks is a vital Australian value and one we do well to safeguard.

2. The front seat
The front seat is the proper place to sit in a taxi.

I grew up watching American movies and TV shows where people always jumped in the back of cabs, but when it came time for me to catch a taxi, the back seat never felt right, and with good reason: I am an Australian, and the Australian way to ride in a cab is up front next to the driver.

We do not do this because it is pleasant. No, we do it simply because it is right. Because we live our egalitarian ideals every day and in every way, particularly those ways that are insignificant and objectively meaningless.

3. Hating/respecting authority

Australians are resolutely committed to calling themselves anti-authoritarian.

It is every Australian’s moral duty to declare, with great frequency and volume, how much we as a people hate authority and define ourselves by our rebellious free-spirited nature.

However, to be truly Australian it is important that these declarations are never put into practice: real Australians respect authority with a zealot’s passion, and demand harsh punishments for those who defy it. As long as these demands are punctuated by the aforementioned proclamations of our anti-authoritarian nature, Australianness is maintained.

4. Democracy sausages
Australians think mentioning sausages on election day is hilarious. It may be a uniquely Australian value to stage sausage sizzles at polling places.

But it’s definitely a great Australian value to mark every state or federal election with incessant references to “democracy sausages” and a deep, unshakeable belief that every single one of these references is 24-carat comedy gold.

5. A sport obsession
We believe ourselves to be unusually obsessed with sport.

Whether lauding our religious devotion to sport or decrying it, all Australians are united in the belief that our national obsession is uniquely overwhelming.

It is a wonderful Australian value to think nobody loves sport as much as us. Or to put it another way, it is a wonderful Australian value to have never heard of the NBA, the NFL, or soccer.

6. A love of (TV) democracy
We are profoundly democratic. So committed to participatory democracy are we that our most prestigious entertainment award, the Gold Logie, is won on the basis of a public vote.

The Gold Logie is awarded to the “Most Popular Personality”, and can be won by anyone, regardless of ability, accomplishment, or whether they’ve actually been on TV that year or not.

As long as they get the votes, they get the gold — no country is so invested in the democratic process for popular personality determination.

In political terms, we’re a bit more ambivalent, but in TV awards, our love of democracy is absolute.

7. Americanism

We can’t stand Americanism. We are a proud people who resent US cultural imperialism, and apart from music, television, movies, clothes and food, we reject the empty glamour of the Yanks.

8. Creativity

We are deeply suspicious of imagination. When it comes to chants at sporting events, a simple, “Aussie Aussie Aussie! Oi oi oi!” will do.

We designed our flag by copying another country’s flag and drawing a picture of the sky. And we make Neighbours.

Creativity is not something encouraged in the Australian psyche, and anyone who allows themselves to imagine things unseen and dream of things unknown cannot reasonably expect a comfortable place in Australian society.

From the music of AC/DC to the exquisite simplicity of the pub parma, Australians pride themselves on just how far inside the box their thinking is. Other countries can run around being fancy: it’s not our way.

9. Reasons for a day off

We want a day off. As Australians, we are heirs to a magnificent birthright: to take a day off from work for literally any reason.

Reasons for an Australian to miss work include: religious holidays; historical commemorations; a weekday falling between a weekend and a religious holiday or historical commemoration; a weekday falling before or after a weekend that has a religious holiday or historical commemoration on the other side of it; the fake birthday of a Queen; a horse race; a football game being on tomorrow; feeling a bit sick; getting to bed late the night before; missing a train; needing a haircut; noticing it’s a lovely day outside and why not go to the beach; having a big breakfast; and being unemployed.

No other country works as hard at coming up with reasons to skip work, because no other country deserves a day off as much as we do.

10. Larrikins?

We are larrikins. Nobody knows what this means, but we definitely are.

관리자 리뷰: [ 4.7 / 5.0 ]

Cambridge 12권에 나오는 Map 문제

몇년전에 영주권을 준비하며 다녔었던 영아이엘츠 (Young IELTS) 시드니 학원의 영선생님의 유투브 동영상 강의 공유합니다. 호주이민에 꼭 필요한 영어시험 아이엘츠 (IELTS) 강의를 주로 하는 학원이였는데 요즘은 캠브리지쪽 강의도 하시나 봅니다.

 

 

일끝나고 밤시간에 다니느라 너무 힘들었었지만 그때의 기억들이 새록새록 다시 떠오르네요 ^^

관리자 리뷰: [ 4 / 5.0 ]

Japanese Military Sexual Slavery “Comfort Women”

Who are the Comfort Women?

During World War II, girls and women, called Comfort Women, were forced into sexual slavery by the Japanese military. Many of the women were from Korea, China, Japan and the Philippines, but there were also women from Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Indonesia, as well as from other territories occupied by Japan. The exact number of Comfort Women is still being debated over, but the estimates are as low as 20,000 to as high as 410,000. Young women were “collected” by the military, often at gunpoint. Some were falsely promise work in factories and restaurants All were taken to “Comfort Stations” where they were raped up to and exceeding 30 times a day by soldiers, officials, and sometimes, even the doctors. Later, most of them were unable to conceive children, due to the disease, injury, and Mercury 606 that was injected into them to get rid of their sexually transmitted infections. Stations were located in Japan, China, the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, Hong Kong, and Macau, among other places.

Where are the Comfort Women?

Many Comfort Women died due to sexual trauma, or sexually transmitted diseases, and many have not stepped up to share their story, because of the shame that was deeply associated with the loss of sexual purity, not to mention psychological trauma. Right now, there are 7 Comfort Women residing in the House of Sharing in Korea, a safe haven for the “halmonies” or “grandmothers” as they are affectionately called, where they are understood, accepted, and cared for by a myriad of volunteers. There used to be 14 halmonies living at the House of Sharing, but 7 of them passed away, much to the grief of their families, volunteers, staff, and other people who were touched by them and their situation.

What’s happening with the Korean Comfort Women?

Every Wednesday, since 1995, the Korean Comfort Women and their supporters have been protesting in front of the Japanese Embassy in Seoul. They want the Japanese Military Government to:

  1. Admit the drafting of the Japanese military’s “Comfort Women”
  2. Apologize officially
  3. Reveal truths about the war crimes
  4. Erect memorial tablets for the victims
  5. Pay restitution to the victims or their families directly from the government
  6. Teach the truth in public schools, so the events are never again repeated
  7. Punish the war criminals

(Source: http://bassenyourseatbelt.wordpress.com/2012/06/25/the-house-of-sharing-koreas-comfort-women/)

To this day, the Japanese Military Government has not apologized for it’s actions and has not provided the Comfort Women, or their families, with compensation for their wrongdoings. Furthermore, they continue to deny that the Comfort Women were abducted and deny ever having forced a woman to go to a comfort station. Japanese leaders have said that their formal apologies and have offered to set up a $1 billion fund for victims. However, many Koreans think that those actions are not enough and surviving Comfort Women have rejected the fund because it was to be financed by private money, instead of government money.
(Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/19/nyregion/monument-in-palisades-park-nj-irritates-japanese-officials.html?_r=0)

What is the Comfort Women Memorial?

On October 23, 2010, a memorial for Comfort Women was erected in Palisades Park, NJ in a small park. The memorial consists of block stone with a brass plaque on it, which reads, “In the memory of more than 200,000 women and girls who were abducted by the armed forces of the government of Imperial Japan. 1930;s-1945. Known as “Comfort Women.” They endured human rights violations that no peoples should leave unrecognized. Let us never forget the horrors of crimes against humanity.” Recently, during the month of May 2012, two Japanese delegations visited the Mayor and Council of Palisades Park to discuss the removal of the memorial, the second consisting of members from the Japanese Parliament, in exchange for the planting of cherry trees in the Borough of Palisades Park and the donation of books to the Palisades Park Public Library, among other things. They claimed that that all of the information on the plaque was wrong and that it should be removed so that there would be no animosity in the relations between Japan and South Korea. The Mayor and Council rejected the request. The second delegation, held on May 6, was also met with a similar answer. Mayor Rotundo recalls saying, “We’re not going to take it down, but thanks for coming.”

관리자 리뷰: [ 5 / 5.0 ]